Psoriasis is a long-lasting, noncontagious, autoimmune disease characterized by raised areas of abnormal skin. It occurs when the immune system mistakes a normal skin cell for a pathogen and sends out faulty signals that cause overproduction of new skin cells. These areas are typically red, or purple on some people with darker skin, dry, itchy, and scaly. Psoriasis varies in severity from small, localized patches to complete body coverage.
It can be mild with small areas of rash. When it is moderate or severe, the skin gets inflamed with raised red areas topped with loose, silvery, scaling skin. If psoriasis is severe, the skin becomes itchy and tender. In some patients, it causes joints to become swollen, tender and painful, this is called as psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriasis is the consequence of a sped-up skin production process. Generally, skin cells nurture deep in the skin and slowly rise to the surface. Finally, they fall off. The regular life cycle of a skin cell is one month. But in people with psoriasis, this production development may arise in just like 5 days since skin cells don't have time to fall off. The fast overproduction leads to the build-up of skin cells.
Scales regularly develop on joints, such elbows and knees. They may grow anywhere on the body, including the hands, feet, neck, scalp and face.
Psoriasis in Ayurveda is well-known as kitibha which is an autoimmune ailment that causes plaques, which are itchy or sore patches of thick, red, dry skin. Eka kushta and sidhma are also conditions which are closely related to psoriasis.
It has a wide range of causative factors, the main ones include: Irregular food habits, consumption of foodstuffs that are advised not to be eaten together.(dairy products with fish), excessive intake of yogurt, increased intake of salted and sour food, and alcohol and tobacco consumption.
Ayurveda believes that impurities in the blood associated with emotional factors are the cause of this disease.
Due to improper food and lifestyle or hereditary issues, the tridoshas vitiate and affects the skin and blood tissues (twak, rakta, mamsa and ambu). They also influence water element of the affected region on skin. Thus the skin which is influenced by affected doshas becomes discolored (white or copper colored), scaly and thin.
Management of psoriasis is not very easy but not impossible. Modern science quickly takes the resort of steroids. This could worsen the condition as the disease which is on the skin gets into the deeper tissues because it is being suppressed.
At Kooplicat Ayurveda Hospital, our treatment primarily focuses on blood purification and balancing the vitiated Doshas. Management of psoriasis comprises of detoxification done through panchakarma therapies, administration of internal medication and external applications, rasayana chikitsa (immunomodulation), a strict ayurvedic diet regime, lifestyle changes and stress management. If the patient can implement all the instructions as advised and completely follows the diet regime & healthy lifestyle, psoriasis is completely curable without any recurrence.