Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have irregular menstruation, high level of androgens (male hormones), anovulation leading to infertility.
PCOS affects a woman's ovaries, the reproductive organs that produce oestrogen and progesterone hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. The ovaries do not make all the hormones it needs for an egg to fully mature. The follicle may start to grow and build up fluid but ovulation does not occur, instead follicle may remain as cysts. The lack of ovulation alters levels of oestrogen, progesterone, FSH, and LH. Oestrogen and progesterone levels are lower than usual, while androgen levels are higher than usual. Extra male hormones disrupt the menstrual cycle, so women with PCOS get fewer periods than usual.
Although the exact cause is unknown, PCOS is known to be causes due to high male hormones which are linked to genes, sedentary lifestyle, insulin resistance and inflammation in the body.
The common symptoms are: irregular menstruation, heavy bleeding, excess hair growth, acne, weight gain and dark patches of skin especially on the neck.
While PCOS isn't typically a condition that Ayurveda can help with, it does broadly fall under artava dusti (problems with the menstrual cycle) and yonirogas (uterine disorders). Irregular and excess consumption of foods especially sweet foods, physical inactivity and day sleep also reasons to have PCOS.
According to Ayurveda, PCOS is thought to be caused by vitiation of mainly Kapha dosha blocking Pitta and Vata. It further affects manovaha srotas leading to imbalance in hormones secreted by pituitary gland, this results in increase of kapha which causes formation of cysts and other symptoms.
In thecase of sandhigata vata, vata gets vitiated and localises in the tendons, ligaments and bones of the joint causing destruction of sleshaka kapha in the joints and asthi dhatu (bone and bone tissues) which eventually leads to sandhigata vata.
Ayurveda's answer to PCOS is a holistic approach that focuses on wellness therapies, herbal formulations, diet, and exercise. The treatment principle according to Ayurveda is to clear obstruction of vata humor in the pelvis, normalize metabolism and regulate the menstrual system (arthava dhatu).
Kooplicat Ayurveda Hospital in fact has some promising treatments to work on PCOS. It involves the use of herbs to boost fertility and maintain a balance of hormones. It also includes various types of therapies and balanced ayurvedic diet which plays a vital role in overcoming PCOS-related problems.