Hypertension or elevated blood pressure is a serious medical condition that significantly increases the risks of heart, brain, kidney and other diseases. An estimated 1.13 billion people worldwide have hypertension, most (two-thirds) living in low and middle income countries.
Blood pressure is defined as the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of arteries, the major blood vessels in the body. Hypertension occurs when this pressure is too high. It is diagnosed when the systolic pressure is Less than or equal to 140 mmHg and/or the diastolic pressure is Less than or equal to 90 mmHg, when measured on two consecutive days.
Risk factors for HTN include unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, consumption of tobacco and alcohol, being overweight, age over 65 years, family history and diseases such as diabetes or kidney disease.
Hypertension is called "silent killer". Most people with hypertension are unaware of the problem because it may have no warning signs or symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they can include early morning headaches, nosebleeds, irregular heart rhythms, vision changes, and buzzing in the ears. Severe hypertension can cause fatigue, nausea, vomiting, confusion, anxiety, chest pain, and muscle tremors.
The disease hypertension according to Ayurveda is the abnormality of rakta dhatu, (Blood) and is popularly known as shonitha dusti (vitiated blood).
There are many pre disposing factors which causes hypertension such as:
- Alcohol intake.
- Salt intake.
- Sedentary life style and less activity.
- Mental Stress.
- Nidanarthkara Roga : Diabetes, obesity, heart diseases, renal diseases.
All the etiological factors causes vitiation of rakta (blood). But rakta being a dhatu (tissue) is not capable of vitiating doshas (pre mordial factors of body) independently. The doshas present in the rakta are involved indirectly in the manifestation of high blood pressure.
Vyana vayu ( a type of vata) gets aggravated first which causes increased pumping and irregular rhythms which increases pressure on arterial walls causing elevated blood pressure or hypertension.
The first & foremost theory in treatment in Ayurveda is to avoid the causes. Then the vitiated doshas are treated respectively. If hypertension occurs secondary to a disease, then disease-specific treatment has to be followed.
Kooplicat Ayurveda hospital provides the most comprehensive and natural approach to HTN available today, both in terms of identifying causes and in providing treatment. We provide individualised treatment programs, customised ayurvedic diet, herbal formulations and a calm and pleasant environment that helps to eradicate the causes and fill in the air of positivity.