Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a chronic metabolic disorder in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced.
Insulin is the principal hormone that regulates the uptake of glucose from blood. If there is less production of insulin or cells become insulin resistant, there would not be absorption of glucose in the body nor it gets stored in the liver, thus the glucose increases in the blood stream increasing the blood glucose level.
There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:
- 1. Type 1 DM : insulin dependent as the pancreas fail to produce enough insulin.
- 2. Type 2 DM : begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly.
- 3. Type 3 : Gestational diabetes: occurs during pregnancy but may resolve after the baby is delivered.
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst and hunger.
- Weight Loss.
- Slow healing sores and tingling or numbness in hands and feet.
In Ayurveda, diabetes is correlated as prameha which are broadly classified into 20 types. Out of them Diabetes Mellitus is described as madhumeha and the ayurvedic concept on the manifestation of this disease is essentially associated with improper dietary habits. The other causes are:
- Lack of physical exertion.
- Excessive sleep particularly during day.
- Excessive consumption sweet, oily foods that vitiate kapha (a basic body element).
- Hormonal disturbances.
According to Ayurveda, due to intake or kapha predominant foods and other causes, kapha dosha (basic element of body) gets vitiated. This increases fat (medo dhatu) and blocks the channels leading to vata vitiation. The vitiated medo dhatu increases kleda in the body which affects basti (urinary bladder), causing increased production of urine. The vitiated vata transforms the essence of body (ojas) which is sweet, into astringent taste like honey and discharges in the urine which results in madhumeha.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder and it cannot be merely treated by controlling sugar levels. The treatment recommended in Ayurveda is aimed at rejuvenating the body to not only balance sugar levels, but also ensuring that no further complication is caused.
Kooplicat Ayurveda hospital provides you customised treatment in form of external treatments and medications that helps to balance the aggravated doshas, and personalised ayurvedic diet that helps to improve the quality of life, which later on may also help in controlling diabetes to an extent without any medication in future.